General Electric

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
General Electric Company
Type Public
Traded as NYSEGE
Dow Jones Component
S&P 500 Component
Dow Jones Composite Component
The Global Dow Component
Industry Conglomerate
Founded Schenectady, New York, U.S.
(1892 (1892))
Founder(s) Charles Coffin, Edwin Houston, Elihu Thomson, Thomas Edison
Headquarters Fairfield, Connecticut, U.S.[1]
Area served Worldwide
Key people Jeffrey Immelt
(Chairman & CEO)
Products Appliances, aviation, consumer electronics, electrical distribution, electric motors, energy, entertainment, finance, gas, healthcare, lighting, locomotives, oil, software, water, weapons, wind turbines
Revenue Increase US$ 147.300 billion (2012)[2]
Operating income Increase US$ 019.155 billion (2012)[2]
Net income Increase US$ 014.155 billion (2012)[2]
Total assets Increase US$ 717.242 billion (2012)[2]
Total equity Increase US$ 116.438 billion (2012)[2]
Employees 301,000 (2011)[2]
Subsidiaries GE Capital, GE Energy,
GE Home & Business Solutions,
GE Technology Infrastructure,
GE Aviation
NBCUniversal (49%)[3]
Website GE.com
Street entrance to GE Headquarters in Fairfield, Connecticut

General Electric Company, or GE (NYSEGE), is an American multinational conglomerate corporation incorporated in Schenectady, New York and headquartered in Fairfield, Connecticut, United States.[1][4] The company operates through four segments: Energy, Technology Infrastructure, Capital Finance and Consumer & Industrial.[5][6]

In 2011, GE ranked among the Fortune 500 as the 6th largest firm in the U.S. by gross revenue,[7] as well as the 14th most profitable.[8] However, the company is currently listed the 3rd largest in the world among the Forbes Global 2000, further metrics being taken into account.[9] Other rankings for 2011/2012 include No. 7 company for leaders (Fortune), No. 5 best global brand (Interbrand), No. 63 green company (Newsweek), No. 15 most admired company (Fortune), and No. 19 most innovative company (Fast Company).[10]

Contents

[edit] History

[edit] Formation

By 1890, J.P. Morgan had brought together several of his business interests under one corporation to form Edison General Electric. At about the same time, Charles Coffin, leading Thomson-Houston Electric Company, acquired a number of competitors and gained access to their key patents.

General Electric was formed by the 1892 merger of General Electric of Schenectady, New York and Thomson-Houston Electric Company of Lynn, Massachusetts. Both plants continue to operate under the GE banner to this day.[11] The company was incorporated in New York, with the Schenectady plant used as headquarters for many years thereafter. Around the same time, General Electric's Canadian counterpart, Canadian General Electric, was formed.

[edit] Public company

In 1896, General Electric was one of the original 12 companies listed on the newly formed Dow Jones Industrial Average. After 116 years, it is the only one of the original companies still listed on the Dow index, although it has not been on the DOW index continuously.[12]

23-ton diesel electric locomotive, made at the General Electric Corp. plant in Schenectady, New York

In 1911 General Electric absorbed the National Electric Lamp Association (NELA) into its lighting business. GE established its lighting division headquarters at Nela Park in East Cleveland, Ohio. Nela Park is still the headquarters for GE's lighting business.

[edit] RCA

The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) was founded by GE in 1919 to further international radio. GE used RCA as its retail arm for radio sales from 1919, when GE began production, until separation in 1930.[13] RCA would quickly grow into an industrial giant of its own.

[edit] Power generation

GE's long history of working with turbines in the power-generation field gave them the engineering know-how to move into the new field of aircraft turbosuperchargers. Led by Sanford Alexander Moss, GE introduced the first superchargers during World War I, and continued to develop them during the Interwar period. Superchargers became indispensable in the years immediately prior to World War II, and GE was the world leader in exhaust-driven supercharging when the war started. This experience, in turn, made GE a natural selection to develop the Whittle W.1 jet engine that was demonstrated in the United States in 1941. Although their early work with Whittle's designs was later handed to Allison Engine Company, GE Aviation emerged as one of the world's largest engine manufacturers, second only to the well-founded and older British company, Rolls-Royce plc, which led the way in the design and manufacture of innovative, reliable, efficient, high-performance, heavy-duty jet engines.

In 2002, GE acquired the windpower assets of Enron during its bankruptcy proceedings.[14] Enron Wind was the only surviving U.S. manufacturer of large wind turbines at the time, and GE increased engineering and supplies for the Wind Division and doubled the annual sales to $1.2 billion in 2003.[15] It acquired ScanWind in 2009.[16]

Some consumers boycotted GE light bulbs, refrigerators and other products in the 1980s and 1990s to protest GE’s role in nuclear weapons production.[17]

[edit] Computing

GE was one of the eight major computer companies during the 1960s — with IBM, the largest, called "Snow White" followed by the "Seven Dwarfs": Burroughs, NCR, Control Data Corporation, Honeywell, RCA, UNIVAC and GE.

GE had an extensive line of general purpose and special purpose computers. Among them were the GE 200, GE 400, and GE 600 series general purpose computers, the GE 4010, GE 4020, and GE 4060 real time process control computers, the Datanet 30 and Datanet 355 message switching computers (Datanet 30 and 355 were also used as front end processors for GE mainframe computers). A Datanet 500 computer was designed, but never sold.

In 1962, GE started developing its GECOS (later renamed GCOS) operating system, originally for batch processing, but later extended to timesharing and transaction processing. Versions of GCOS are still in use today.

In 1964–1969, GE and Bell Laboratories (which soon dropped out) joined with MIT to develop the pioneering and influential Multics operating system on the GE 645 mainframe computer. The project took longer than expected and was not a major commercial success, but it demonstrated important concepts such as single level store, dynamic linking, hierarchical file system, and ring-oriented security. Active development of Multics continued until 1985.

It has been said[by whom?] that GE got into computer manufacturing because in the 1950s they were the largest user of computers outside of the United States federal government. However, in 1970, GE sold its computer division to Honeywell, exiting the computer manufacturing industry, though it retained its timesharing operations for some years afterwards. GE was a major provider of computer timesharing services, through General Electric Information Services (GEIS, now GXS), offering online computing services that included GEnie.

[edit] Acquisitions

For a list of acquisitions and divestitures, also see General Electric timeline

In 1986 GE reacquired RCA, primarily for the NBC television network (also parent of Telemundo Communications Group). The remainder was sold to various companies, including Bertelsmann (Bertelsmann acquired RCA Records) and Thomson SA which traces its roots to Thomson-Houston, one of the original components of GE.

Also in 1986, Kidder, Peabody & Co., a U.S.-based securities firm, was sold to GE and following heavy losses was subsequently sold to PaineWebber in 1994.[18]

In 2002, Francisco Partners and Norwest Venture Partners acquired a division of GE called GE Information Systems (GEIS). The new company, named GXS, is based in Gaithersburg, Maryland. GXS is a leading provider of B2B e-Commerce solutions. GE maintains a minority ownership position in GXS.

Also in 2002, GE Wind Energy was formed when GE bought the wind turbine manufacturing assets of Enron Wind after the Enron scandals.[15][19][20]

In 2004, GE bought 80% of Universal Pictures from Vivendi. Vivendi bought 20% of NBC forming the company NBCUniversal. GE then owned 80% of NBC Universal and Vivendi owned 20%. As of January 28, 2011 GE owns 49% and Comcast 51%.

In 2004, GE completed the spin-off of most of its mortgage and life insurance assets into an independent company, Genworth Financial, based in Richmond, Virginia.

Genpact formerly known as GE Capital International Services (GECIS) was established by GE in late 1997 as its captive India based BPO. GE sold 60% stake in Genpact to General Atlantic and Oak Hill Capital Partners in 2005 and hived off Genpact into an independent business. GE is still a major client to Genpact getting its services in customer service, finance, information technology and analytics.

GE Plastics was sold in 2007 to SABIC.

In May 2007, GE acquired Smiths Aerospace for $4.8 billion.

In May 2008, GE announced it was exploring options for divesting the bulk of its Consumer and Industrial business.

General Electric's Schenectady, New York facilities (including GE's original headquarters) are assigned the ZIP code 12345. (All Schenectady ZIP codes begin with 123, but no others begin with 1234.)

On December 3, 2009, it was announced that NBCUniversal will become a joint venture between GE and cable television operator Comcast. The cable giant will hold a controlling interest in the company, while GE retains a 49% stake and will buy out shares currently owned by Vivendi.[21]

Vivendi will sell its 20% stake in NBCUniversal to GE for US$5.8 billion. Vivendi will sell 7.66% of NBCUniversal to GE for US$2 billion if the GE/Comcast deal is not completed by September 2010 and then sell the remaining 12.34% stake of NBCUniversal to GE for US$3.8 billion when the deal is completed or to the public via an IPO if the deal is not completed.[22][23]

On March 1, 2010, General Electric (GE) announced that the company is planning to sell its 20.85% stake in Turkey-based Garanti Bank.[24]

In August 2010, GE Healthcare signed a strategic partnership to bring cardiovascular Computed Tomography (CT) technology from start-up Arineta Ltd. of Israel to the hospital market.[25]

In October 2010, General Electric acquired gas engines manufacture Dresser Inc. for a $3 billion deal and also bought a $1.6 billion portfolio of retail credit cards from Citigroup Inc. This is the first major deal since the start of the financial crisis.[26]

On October 14, 2010, GE announced acquisition of data migration & SCADA simulation specialists Opal Software.[27]

December 2010: For the second times of this year (after Dresser acquisition), General Electric Co. buy oil sector company British Wellstream Holding Plc. an oil drilling pipe maker for 800 million pounds ($1.3 billion).[28]

February 2011: The company has agreed to buy the well-support division of John Wood Group Plc for about $2.8 billion. It is another aggressive moves recently of GE Oil & Gas made GE's acquisition was the largest of oil-service unit world wide in 2010.[29]

March 2011: GE announced it has completed the acquisition of privately held Lineage Power Holdings, Inc., from The Gores Group, LLC. [30]

GE Capital sold its $2 billion dollar Mexican assets to Santander for $162 million and exit the business in Mexico. Santander will additionally assume the portfolio debts of GE Capital in the country. The transaction will be finished at first half of 2011. GE Capital will focus in the core business and will shed its non-core assets.[31] In June 2012,CEO and President of GE said that the company would invest 300 crores to accelerate its businesses in Karnataka.[32]

In October 2012, General Electric Company acquired $7 billion worth of bank deposits from Metlife Inc.[33]

[edit] Corporate affairs

Classic GE neon sign

GE is a multinational conglomerate headquartered in Fairfield, Connecticut. Its New York main offices are located at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in Rockefeller Center, known as the GE Building for the prominent GE logo on the roof. NBC's headquarters and main studios are also located in the building. Through its RCA subsidiary, it has been associated with the Center since its construction in the 1930s.

The company describes itself as composed of a number of primary business units or "businesses." Each unit is itself a vast enterprise, many of which would, even as a standalone company, rank in the Fortune 500[citation needed]. The list of GE businesses varies over time as the result of acquisitions, divestitures and reorganizations. GE's tax return is the largest return filed in the United States; the 2005 return was approximately 24,000 pages when printed out, and 237 megabytes when submitted electronically.[34] The company also "spends more on U.S. lobbying than any other company."[35]

In 2005 GE launched its "Ecomagination" initiative in an attempt to position itself as a "green" company. GE is currently one of the biggest players in the wind power industry, and it is also developing new environment-friendly products such as hybrid locomotives, desalination and water reuse solutions, and photovoltaic cells. The company "plans to build the largest solar-panel-making factory in the U.S.,"[35] and has set goals for its subsidiaries to lower their greenhouse gas emissions.[36]

On May 21, 2007, GE announced it would sell its GE Plastics division to petrochemicals manufacturer SABIC for net proceeds of $11.6 billion. The transaction took place on August 31, 2007, and the company name changed to SABIC Innovative Plastics, with Brian Gladden as CEO.[37]

[edit] CEO

Jeffrey Immelt is the current chairman of the board and chief executive officer of GE. He was selected by GE's Board of Directors in 2000 to replace John Francis Welch Jr. (Jack Welch) following his retirement. Previously, Immelt had headed GE's Medical Systems division (now GE Healthcare) as its President and CEO.

His tenure as the Chairman and CEO started at a time of crisis — he took over the role on September 7, 2001[38] four days before the terrorist attacks on the United States, which killed two employees and cost GE's insurance business $600 million — as well as having a direct effect on the company's Aircraft Engines sector. Immelt has also been selected as one of President Obama's financial advisors concerning the economic rescue plan.

[edit] Businesses

GE's divisions include GE Capital, GE Energy, GE Technology Infrastructure, and GE Home & Business Solutions

Through these businesses, GE participates in a wide variety of markets including the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity (e.g. nuclear, gas and solar), lighting, industrial automation, medical imaging equipment, motors, railway locomotives, aircraft jet engines, and aviation services. It co-owns NBCUniversal with Comcast. Through GE Commercial Finance, GE Consumer Finance, GE Equipment Services, and GE Insurance it offers a range of financial services as well. It has a presence in over 100 countries.

GE gauges to control a railway locomotive at a museum near Saskatoon, Canada[39]

GE also produces General Imaging digital cameras.[40] In 2010, General Imaging released the Bridge Camera GE X5 with 14MP and 15x optical zoom.[41] In 2011, it is replaced by 16MP GE X500 with optional red color in Japan besides traditional black or white color in world wide.[42]

Since over half of GE's revenue is derived from financial services, it is arguably a financial company with a manufacturing arm. It is also one of the largest lenders in countries other than the United States, such as Japan. Even though the first wave of conglomerates (such as ITT Corporation, Ling-Temco-Vought, Tenneco, etc.) fell by the wayside by the mid-1980s, in the late 1990s, another wave (consisting of Westinghouse, Tyco, and others) tried and failed to emulate GE's success.

It was announced on May 4, 2008 that GE would auction off its appliances business for an expected sale of $5–8 billion.[43] However, this plan fell through as a result of the recession.

[edit] Corporate recognition and rankings

In 2011, Fortune ranked GE the 6th largest firm in the U.S.,[7] as well as the 14th most profitable.[8] Other rankings for 2011/2012 include the following:[10]

  • #7 company for leaders (Fortune)
  • #5 best global brand (Interbrand)
  • #82 green company (Newsweek)
  • #15 most admired company (Fortune)
  • #19 most innovative company (Fast Company).

For 2010, GE's brand was valued at $42.8 billion.[44] CEO Jeffrey Immelt had a set of changes in the presentation of the brand commissioned in 2004, after he took the reins as chairman, to unify the diversified businesses of GE. The changes included a new corporate color palette, small modifications to the GE logo, a new customized font (GE Inspira), and a new slogan, "imagination at work" replacing the longtime slogan "we bring good things to life", composed by David Lucas. The standard requires many headlines to be lowercased and adds visual "white space" to documents and advertising to promote an open and approachable company. The changes were designed by Wolff Olins and are used extensively on GE's marketing, literature and website.

[edit] Organizational structure and workforce management

[edit] Formal organization

General Electric's formal organizational structure involves a hierarchal system as Max Weber, a German sociologist, describes as a form of bureaucracy that follows general rules of super and subordination.[45] Shareowners, the Corporate Executive Office, and the Board of Directors make up the top of this structure. The Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, Jeffrey R. Immelt, acts as the intermediary between the top of the structure and the presidents of the seven sectors.[46] Evidently, GE appears as a small organization in the shell of a large company. Maintaining a strict sense of hierarchal control, GE operates in large part like a small, uncluttered business in which employees have the ability to move the company forward without any bureaucratic roadblocks.

[edit] Management strategies

While limiting the hindering effects of a bureaucracy that require methodical provisions made for regular assignments and the business’s daily operations,[45] both Welch and Immelt have torn down the boundaries between management layers[47] that complicated simple matters and slowed down the company.

[edit] Executive leaders

As of 2012, there are 191 senior executives who serve as "growth leaders" at head of GE's different sectors.[48] Unlike the term “manager,” leaders work to inspire and motivate others to perform their best. These leaders are expected to work and talk to their employees and promote the corporate culture of creating and bringing ideas to life. Establishing the corporate culture serves as the unifying force for GE’s many businesses around the world. The corporate culture inspires people to move the world forward with GE.

[edit] Middle managers

Middle managers at GE serve as the facilitators between the executive leaders and the floor employees.[49] They have to be able to excite and praise people as well as push great ideas forward. In a company as large as GE, it is essential that middle managers not only prove excellence in production but also are good team players who listen and work with employees. As sociologist Frederick W. Taylor would note, this approach in which the initiative of the employees is coupled with the work of the managers exhibits scientific management,[50] which proves more efficient than the motives of the two to be independent.

[edit] Floor employees

John Welch wanted to make employees feel like they were an essential part of the business.[51] John Welch developed a program called Work-Out, which was designed to “foster, capture, and implement good ideas, regardless of their origin” and effectively empower workers by encouraging them to speak-up in town-hall meetings.[51] Evidently, by treating the workers as an integral part of the company, Welch was able to strengthen the GE’s businesses. The task of increasing productivity was no longer left to managers but now people on the factory floors. Elton Mayo describes in a study in which factory managers interviewed workers for their input, how employees are thrilled to be listened to.[52] In the essence of the human relations school, the interviews allowed the workers to feel that their thoughts directly contributed to the success of the company. The system did not contradict the hierarchal system in place but rather increased involvement as employees were now more committed to their productivity.

[edit] Methods of employee management

[edit] Responsibility and task management

In a company with hundreds of thousands of employees, the position of the CEO is to appoint the best people on the largest opportunities, providing them with the best resources and to get out of their way. Executive leaders are then responsible to meet with thousands of employees throughout the company to construct a plan early in the year and establish goals and tasks for the middle managers.[53] Such a system fully integrates the workings and culture of a large company from the executive leaders to the floor employees.

[edit] Compensation and incentives

The design of the compensation program at GE is constructed to support the leadership development and long-term emphasis of the company.[53] The compensation system doesn't operate on a strict formula, but with a mix of cash and equity in which GE incentivizes innovation and progress at all levels.

[edit] Promotion and training

GE has always taken a long-term view through its more than 130-year history and keeps the development of its leaders as one of the hallmarks of the Company.[54] It established a deeply rooted internal labor market in which thousands of people from every level of the company are trained at the John F. Welch Leadership Center.[48] As meritocracy is valued at GE, the company works to transform employees into leaders from within. GE’s commitment to learning and progressing leaders allows the company to ingrain its values in its executives.

[edit] Performance evaluations

Performance measurement and compensation are aligned at GE. In performance evaluations, GE executives particularly focus on one’s ability to balance risk and return and deliver long-term results for shareowners.[54] The corporate culture to think boldly is also evident in the way GE evaluates its own managers, as employees are evaluated on their ability to reflect the company’s guiding principles. By not making it completely a numbers game, managers are encouraged to innovate and progress the business of GE in new ways.

[edit] General Electric as a conglomerate

General Electric buys dozens of firms every year. The acquisitions help GE to obtain new technologies and enter new markets.[55] The Company acts swiftly in integrating target aspects of acquired companies into the GE culture and releases parts it does not need. GE is a global company with 60% of its business and 54% of its employees operating overseas and uses local markets to fuel both its employment.[56] While it began in America, it is essential for GE to operate in the global market to remain competitive and achieve production efficiency.

[edit] Recent controversies

The six reactors in the 2011 Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant catastrophe had been designed by General Electric. Their design had been criticised as far back as 1972.[57]

In March 2011, The New York Times reported that, despite earning $14.2 billion in worldwide profits, including more than $5 billion from U.S. operations, General Electric did not owe taxes in 2010. General Electric had a tax benefit of $3.2 billion. This same article also pointed out that GE has reduced its American workforce by one fifth since 2002.[58]

In December 2011, the non-partisan organization Public Campaign criticized General Electric for spending $84.35 million on lobbying and not paying any taxes during 2008–2010, instead getting $4.7 billion in tax rebates, despite making a profit of $10.4 billion, laying off 4,168 workers since 2008, and increasing executive pay by 27% to $75.9 million in 2010 for the top 5 executives.[59]

[edit] Environmental record

[edit] Pollution

GE has a history of some of its activities giving rise to large-scale air and water pollution. Based on year 2000 data,[60] researchers at the Political Economy Research Institute listed the corporation as the fourth-largest corporate producer of air pollution in the United States, with more than 4.4 million pounds per year (2,000 tons) of toxic chemicals released into the air.[61] GE has also been implicated in the creation of toxic waste. According to EPA documents, only the United States Government, Honeywell, and Chevron Corporation are responsible for producing more Superfund toxic waste sites.[62]

In 1983, New York State Attorney General Robert Abrams filed suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York to compel GE to pay for the cleanup of what was claimed to be more than 100,000 tons of chemicals dumped (legally, at the time) from their plant in Waterford, New York.[63] In 1999, the company agreed to pay a $250 million settlement in connection with claims it polluted the Housatonic River (Pittsfield, Massachusetts) and other sites with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and other hazardous substances.[64]

From approximately 1947 to 1977, GE discharged as much as 1.3 million pounds of PCBs from its capacitor manufacturing plants at the Hudson Falls and Fort Edward upstate New York facilities into the Hudson River.[65] GE fought a media and political battle to avoid cleaning up the river and countered that dredging the river would actually stir up PCBs.[66] In 2002, GE was ordered to clean up a 40-mile (64 km) stretch of the Hudson River it had contaminated.[67]

In 2003, acting on concerns that the plan proposed by GE did not "provide for adequate protection of public health and the environment," the United States Environmental Protection Agency issued a unilateral administrative order for the company to "address cleanup at the GE site" in Rome, Georgia, also contaminated with PCBs.[68]

The nuclear reactors involved in the 2011 crisis at Fukushima I in Japan are GE designs,[69] and the architectural designs were done by Ebasco,[70] formerly owned by GE. Concerns over the design and safety of these reactors were raised as early as 1975.[71]

[edit] Environmental initiatives

On June 6, 2011, GE announced that it has licensed solar thermal technology from California-based eSolar for use in power plants that use both solar and natural gas.[72]

On May 26, 2011, GE unveiled its EV Solar Carport, a carport that incorporates solar panels on its roof, with electric vehicle charging stations under its cover.[73]

In May 2005 GE announced the launch of a program called "Ecomagination," intended, in the words of CEO Jeff Immelt "to develop your bowls tomorrow's solutions such as solar energy, hybrid locomotives, fuel cells, lower-emission aircraft engines, lighter and stronger durable materials, efficient lighting, and water purification technology”.[74] The announcement prompted an op-ed piece in The New York Times to observe that, "while General Electric's increased emphasis on clean technology will probably result in improved products and benefit its bottom line, Mr. Immelt's credibility as a spokesman on national environmental policy is fatally flawed because of his company's intransigence in cleaning up its own toxic legacy."[75]

GE has said that it will invest $1.4 billion in clean technology research and development in 2008 as part of its Ecomagination initiative. As of October 2008, the scheme had resulted in 70 green products being brought to market, ranging from halogen lamps to biogas engines. In 2007, GE raised the annual revenue target for its Ecomagination initiative from $20 billion in 2010 to $25 billion following positive market response to its new product lines.[76] In 2010, GE continued to raise its investment by adding $10 billion into Ecomagination over the next five years.[77]

GE (General Electric) Energy's renewable energy business has expanded greatly, to keep up with growing U.S. and global demand for clean energy. Since entering the renewable energy industry in 2002, GE has invested more than $850 million in renewable energy technology. In August 2008 it acquired Kelman Ltd,[78] a Northern Ireland company specializing in advanced monitoring and diagnostics technologies for transformers used in renewable energy generation, and announced an expansion of its business in Northern Ireland in May 2010.[79] In 2009, GE's renewable energy initiatives, which include solar power, wind power and GE Jenbacher gas engines using renewable and non-renewable methane-based gases,[80] employ more than 4,900 people globally and have created more than 10,000 supporting jobs.[81]

GE Energy and Orion New Zealand Limited (Orion) have announced implementation of the first phase of a GE network management system to help improve power reliability for customers. GE's ENMAC Distribution Management System is the foundation of Orion's initiative. The system of smart grid technologies will significantly improve the network company's ability to manage big network emergencies and help it to restore power faster when outages occur.

GE unveiled a 40W replacement Energy Smart LED bulb, to be available late 2010 or early 2011. The company claims that the new LED bulb will provide a 77% energy savings and produce nearly the same light output as a 40W incandescent bulb, while lasting more than 25 times as long.[82]

[edit] Educational initiatives

GE Healthcare is collaborating with The Wayne State University School of Medicine and the Medical University of South Carolina to offer an integrated radiology curriculum during their respective MD Programs led by investigators of the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity study.[83] GE has donated over one million dollars of Logiq E Ultrasound equipment to these two institutions.[84]

[edit] Legal issues

On August 4, 2009 the SEC fined General Electric $50 million for breaking accounting rules in two separate cases, misleading investors into believing GE would meet or beat earnings expectations.[85]

GE has faced criminal action regarding its defense related operations. GE was convicted in 1990 of defrauding the US Department of Defense, and again in 1992 on charges of corrupt practices in the sale of jet engines to Israel.[86]

[edit] Notable appearances in media

GE was the focus of a 1991 short subject Academy Award-winning documentary, Deadly Deception: General Electric, Nuclear Weapons, and Our Environment,[87] that juxtaposed GE's "We Bring Good Things To Life" commercials with the true stories of workers and neighbors whose lives have been affected by the company's activities involving nuclear weapons.[88]

In the early 1950s Kurt Vonnegut was a writer for General Electric. A number of his novels and stories (notably Cat's Cradle) refer to the fictional city of Ilium, which appears to be loosely based on Schenectady, New York.[citation needed] The Ilium Works is the setting for the short story "Deer in the Works".

The NBC sitcom 30 Rock is set at the NBC Studios in the GE Building at 30 Rockefeller Center (hence the title). All characters in the main cast are NBC (and therefore GE) employees, and one character, Jack Donaghy (Alec Baldwin) is portrayed as having risen through the ranks of GE management to become Vice President of NBC's East Coast operations through the company's microwave oven division.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b "GE Fact Sheet: Businesses, Locations, Awards, Leadership". GE company website. http://www.ge.com/company/factsheets/corporate.html. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "2010 Form 10-K, General Electric Company". General Electric. http://www.ge.com/investors/financial_reporting/index.html.
  3. ^ "NBC Universal Transaction – A Comcast-GE Joint Venture". Comcast. http://www.comcast.com/nbcutransaction/.
  4. ^ "Company Search, EDGAR System, Securities and Exchange Commission". http://www.sec.gov/cgi-bin/browse-edgar?action=getcompany&CIK=0000040545&owner=include&count=40. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
  5. ^ "GE Fact Sheet: Businesses, Locations, Awards, Leadership". General Electric. http://www.ge.com/company/factsheets/corporate.html. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  6. ^ Wald, Matthew L.. "General Electric Company". The New York Times. http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/companies/general_electric_company/index.html. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Fortune 500: GE". Fortune. 2011. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/2011/snapshots/170.html. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  8. ^ a b "Fortune 20 most profitable companies: IBM". Fortune. 2011. http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2011/fortune/1104/gallery.fortune500_most_profitable.fortune/14.html. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  9. ^ General Electric, Forbes. Retrieved June 16, 2012
  10. ^ a b "GE rankings". Ranking the Brands. http://rankingthebrands.com/Brand-detail.aspx?brandID=82. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  11. ^ "Thomas Edison & GE". GE company web site. http://www.ge.com/company/history/edison.html. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
  12. ^ "History of the Dow – Timeline of Companies". Quasimodos.com. January 4, 1984. http://www.quasimodos.com/info/dowhistory.html. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  13. ^ Mahon, Morgan E. A Flick of the Switch 1930–1950 (Antiques Electronics Supply, 1990), p.86.
  14. ^ "GE Completes Enron Wind Acquisition; Launches GE Wind Energy". Business Wire. May 10, 2002. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2002_May_10/ai_85689772/. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
  15. ^ a b Fairly, Peter. The Greening of GE IEEE Spectrum, July 2005. Retrieved: November 6, 2010.
  16. ^ Arnott, Sarah (March 26, 2010). "GE to build £99m UK wind turbine plant". The Independent (UK). http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/ge-to-build-16399m-uk-wind-turbine-plant-1928159.html. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  17. ^ Global Corruption Report 2009, Corruption and the Private Sector Transparency International 2009 page 148 (English)
  18. ^ "Kidder, Peabody & Co.". Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kidder,_Peabody_%26_Co..
  19. ^ Murphy, Dennis. GE completes Enron Wind acquisition; Launches GE Wind Energy Desert Sky Wind Farm, May 10, 2002. Retrieved: May 1, 2010.
  20. ^ "GE Completes Enron Wind Acquisition; Launches GE Wind Energy". Business Wire. 2002-05-10. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2002_May_10/ai_85689772/. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
  21. ^ Goldman, Davis; Pepitone, Julianne (December 3, 2009). "GE, Comcast announce joint NBC deal". CNNMoney.com. http://money.cnn.com/2009/12/03/news/companies/comcast_nbc/index.htm. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
  22. ^ "Vivendi to Sell its Stake in NBCUniversal for US$5.8 billion". Vivendi SA. December 3, 2009. http://www.vivendi.fr/vivendi/Nouvel-article,5902. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
  23. ^ "Vivendi To Sell 20% Stake In NBCU To GE For $5.8 Bln". The Wall Street Journal. December 3, 2009. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aMoJZHPclWnY. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
  24. ^ "General Electric to sell stake in Garanti Bank". March 1, 2010. http://www.newstatesman.com/banking-and-insurance/2010/03/garanti-bank-turkey-stake. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
  25. ^ "GE to get its heart tech from Israel". August 1, 2010. http://www.zdnet.com/blog/healthcare/ge-to-get-its-heart-tech-from-israel/3950. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  26. ^ "— GE posts sales slump, rattles recovery hopes". Comcast.net. http://www.comcast.net/articles/news-finance/20101006/BUSINESS-US-GE/print/. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  27. ^ "GE Acquires Opal Software — Strengthens Smart Grid Software Portfolio". GE. http://www.genewscenter.com/content/Detail.aspx?ReleaseID=11178&NewsAreaID=2. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  28. ^ NewsDaily: GE to buy UK oil pipe maker Wellstream for $1.3 billion reuters.com
  29. ^ Post a Job (February 14, 2011). "Businessweek.com". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-02-14/ge-agrees-to-buy-2-8-billion-oil-service-unit-shares-surge.html. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  30. ^ Business Wire (March 2, 2011). "Businesswire.com". Businesswire.com. http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20110302005457/en/GE-Energy-Completes-Acquisition-Lineage-Power. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  31. ^ "GE Capital sells Mexican assets to Santander". Finance News. http://www.financenews.co.uk/fnews/ge-capital-sells-mexican-assets-to-santander/. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  32. ^ "GE to invest Rs 300 cr for expansion". 7 June 2012. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/companies/article3500390.ece.
  33. ^ Reuters (25 September 2012). "GE, MetLife tweak terms of deal for $7 bln in bank deposits". Reuters. http://in.reuters.com/article/2012/09/24/ge-metlife-idINL1E8KOAIV20120924.
  34. ^ "IRS e-file Moves Forward; Successfully Executes Electronic Filing of Nation's Largest Tax Return" (Press release). United States Department of the Treasury— Internal Revenue Service. May 31, 2006. http://www.irs.gov/newsroom/article/0,,id=157845,00.html. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
  35. ^ a b Carney, Timothy (2011-04-07) Want to know how GE paid $0 income taxes? Think green., Washington Examiner
  36. ^ "GE Launches Ecomagination to Develop Environmental Technologies; Company-Wide Focus on Addressing Pressing Challenges" (Press release). General Electric. May 9, 2005. http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20050509005663/en. Retrieved January 15, 2007.[dead link]
  37. ^ Deutsch, Claudia (May 22, 2007). "General Electric to Sell Plastics Division". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/22/business/22plastics.html?_r=1. Retrieved December 25, 2009.
  38. ^ "Jeff Immelt, CEO". Company Biography. General Electric. http://www.ge.com/company/leadership/ceo.html. Retrieved December 25, 2009.
  39. ^ "Welcome to Saskrailmuseum.org". Contact Us. September 11, 2008. http://www.saskrailmuseum.org/. Retrieved October 3, 2008.
  40. ^ "VIDEO – General Imaging's blink detection cameras". TG Daily. February 6, 2008. http://www.tgdaily.com/consumer-electronics-features/35959-video-%E2%80%93-general-imaging%E2%80%99s-blink-detection-cameras. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  41. ^ "GE X5 Black 14MP Digital Camera w/ 15x Optical Zoom, 2.7" LCD: Digital Cameras". Walmart.com. http://www.walmart.com/ip/GE-X5-BK/14245324. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  42. ^ By metzae. "GE X500 Power Pro "bridge" DSLR camera Added a New Color". Dandy Gadget. http://dandygadget.com/2011/04/19/ge-x500-power-pro-bridge-dslr-camera-added-a-new-color/. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  43. ^ "GE confirms it's exiting appliance business". MSNBC. May 16, 2008. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24630072. Retrieved December 25, 2009.
  44. ^ "Best Global Brands Ranking for 2010". Interbrand. http://www.interbrand.com/en/best-global-brands/best-global-brands-2008/best-global-brands-2010.aspx. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  45. ^ a b Weber, Max (1978). Bureacracy. Berkley: Berkley: University of California Press. pp. 956–969.
  46. ^ "GE Company Organization Chart". General Electric. http://www.ge.com/pdf/company/ge_organization_chart.pdf.
  47. ^ Brady, Diane. "The Immelt Revolution". Businessweek. http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2005-03-27/the-immelt-revolution.
  48. ^ a b "GE Our Company: Our Culture". http://www.ge.com/company/culture/leadership_learning.html.
  49. ^ Peters, Susan. "Our Workplace; At General Electric, a Culture of Risk". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=990CE3DA153AF93BA25750C0A9649D8B63&ref=generalelectriccompany.
  50. ^ Taylor, Frederick. Sociology of Organizations: Scientific Management. New York: Free Press. pp. 55–66.
  51. ^ a b Slater, Robert (1999). Jack Welch and the GE Way. McGraw-Hill Companies.
  52. ^ Mayo, Elton (1984). Hawthorne and the Western Electric Company. New York: Penguin. pp. 279–292.
  53. ^ a b "GE Corporate Governance Principles". General Electric Company. http://www.ge.com/company/governance/principles/index.html.
  54. ^ a b "2011 Annual Report: GE Works". General Electric Company. http://www.ge.com/investors/financial_reporting/annual_reports.html.
  55. ^ Pederson, Jay (2011). International Directory of Company Histories: General Electric Company. Detroit: St. James Press.
  56. ^ "Transforming a Successful Company: GE's Organizational Strategy". Duke University: Fuqua School of Business. http://faculty.fuqua.duke.edu/~willm/bio/TeachingMaterials/0Cases/GE/GE_OrganizationalStrategy.pdf.
  57. ^ "Design of G.E.'s Mark 1 Nuclear Reactors Shows Weaknesses". The New York Times. March 15, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/16/world/asia/16contain.html?_r=1&scp=2&sq=general%20electric&st=cse.
  58. ^ Kocieniewski, David (March 24, 2011). "G.E.'s Strategies Let It Avoid Taxes Altogether". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/25/business/economy/25tax.html?scp=2&sq=ge&st=cse.
  59. ^ Portero, Ashley. "30 Major U.S. Corporations Paid More to Lobby Congress Than Income Taxes, 2008–2010". International Business Times. Archived from the original on December 26, 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/64D9GyQG0. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
  60. ^ Political Economy Research Institute Toxic 100 Corporate Toxics Information Project Technical Notes. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
  61. ^ "Political Economy Research Institute". Web.archive.org. September 27, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070927204419/http://www.rtknet.org/new/tox100/toxic100.php?database=t1&detail=1&datype=T&reptype=a&company1=&company2=8337&chemfac=fac&advbasic=bas. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  62. ^ EPA Document Lists Firms Tied to Superfund Sites The Center for Public Integrity
  63. ^ The Region; G.E. Plant Accused Of Water Pollution", The New York Times, January 21, 1983
  64. ^ GE agrees to $250 million Settlement to Clean Up PCBs in Housatonic River, Department of Justice news release, October 7, 1999
  65. ^ "Hudson River PCBs". Epa.gov. http://www.epa.gov/hudson/. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  66. ^ "Historic Hudson River Cleanup to Begin After Years of Delay, But Will General Electric Finish the Job? ''Under the EPA's unusual agreement with General Electric, the company could escape full responsibility for cleaning up the toxic mess it made in the Hudson River''". Nrdc.org. http://www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/hhudson.asp. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  67. ^ Old Questions Linger as New PCB Cleanup Starts The New York Times May 1, 2007
  68. ^ EPA issues unilateral administrative order to General Electric Company in Rome, Georgia United States Environmental Protection Agency
  69. ^ "General Electric-designed reactors in Fukushima have 23 sisters in U.S". Openchannel.msnbc.msn.com. http://openchannel.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2011/03/13/6256121-general-electric-designed-reactors-in-fukushima-have-23-sisters-in-us. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  70. ^ "Nuclear Reactor Maps: Fukushima-Daiichi". Nuctrans.org. http://nuctrans.org/Nuc_Trans/locations/daiichi/daiichi.htm. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  71. ^ "Fukushima: Mark 1 Nuclear Reactor Design Caused GE Scientist To Quit In Protest". USA: ABC. March 15, 2011. http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/fukushima-mark-nuclear-reactor-design-caused-ge-scientist/story?id=13141287. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  72. ^ Martin LaMonica, CNET. "GE invests in eSolar for combined solar, gas plants." Jun 6, 2011. Retrieved Jun 6, 2011.
  73. ^ Candace Lombardi, CNET. "Solar power carport charges cars in Connecticut." May 26, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  74. ^ "Ecomagination: Inside GE's Power Play". Worldchanging.com. 1999-02-22. http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/002669.html. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
  75. ^ "Talking Green, Acting Dirty." The New York Times June 12, 2005
  76. ^ "GE cleantech sales to top $17 billion this year". Businessgreen.com. October 27, 2008. http://www.businessgreen.com/bg/news/1804493/ge-cleantech-sales-usd17bn. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  77. ^ VentureBeat, Camille Ricketts. "GE Pumps 10B More Into Green Technology R&D." June 24, 2010.
  78. ^ "GE Energy Acquires Kelman Limited". Renewableenergyworld.com. August 18, 2008. http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2008/08/ge-energy-acquires-kelman-limited-53356. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  79. ^ GE to create 104 jobs in Lisburn[dead link]
  80. ^ GE's ecomagination™ Certified Clarke Energy Jenbacher Power Plant Commissioned at Australian Coal Mine to Help Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 2008, www.gepower.com, Accessed April 14, 2011
  81. ^ "GE illustrates broad spectrum of alternative energy projects". Reliableplant.com. http://www.reliableplant.com/Read/17126/ge-illustrates-broad-spectrum-of-alternative-energy-projects. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  82. ^ by Martin LaMonica (April 8, 2010). "GE makes LED replacement for 40-watt bulb | Green Tech – CNET News". News.cnet.com. http://news.cnet.com/8301-11128_3-20002001-54.html. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  83. ^ Jultrasoundmet.org, A Pilot Study of Comprehensive Ultrasound Education at the Wayne State University School of Medicine
  84. ^ [1][dead link]
  85. ^ Henry, David (August 4, 2009). "SEC Fines GE $50 million for Accounting Misdeeds". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/content/aug2009/db2009084_567813.htm. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  86. ^ Stevenson, Richard W. G.E. Guilty Plea in U.S. Aid to Israel, New York Times, July 23, 1992.
  87. ^ "Deadly Deception: General Electric, Nuclear Weapons, and Our Environment". Newday.com. http://www.newday.com/films/DeadlyDeception.html. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  88. ^ "Nuclear Weaponmakers Campaign – Corporate Accountability International – Challenging Abuse, Protecting People – Think Outside the Bottle – challenging the bottled water industry". Web.archive.org. June 21, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060621082431/http://stopcorporateabuse.org/cms/page1127.cfm. Retrieved April 23, 2012.

[edit] Further reading

  • Carlson, W. Bernard. Innovation as a Social Process: Elihu Thomson and the Rise of General Electric, 1870–1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
  • Woodbury, David O. Elihu Thomson, Beloved Scientist (Boston: Museum of Science, 1944)
  • Haney, John L. The Elihu Thomson Collection American Philosophical Society Yearbook 1944.
  • Hammond, John W. Men and Volts: The Story of General Electric, published 1941, 436 pages.
  • Mill, John M. Men and Volts at War: The Story of General Electric in World War II, published 1947.

[edit] External links

[edit] Video clips

Business data